Definition and Explanation

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church, point 1807:
    • "Justice is the moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give their due to God and neighbor."
  • Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae, IIaIIae, question 58:
    • Justice is a habit whereby a man renders to each one his due by a constant and perpetual will.
    • Justice perfects the rational appetite, also called "the will."
  • Aristotle's Rhetoric, Book I, Chapter 9:
    • "Justice is the virtue through which everybody enjoys his own possessions in accordance with the law."

Examples from Western History and Literature