Study Guides


If the liberal arts are weapons of the liberally educated leader, the great books are the training grounds. The greatest books from the Western tradition are those time-proven classics written by the greatest minds that demonstrate the greatest capacity to inspire the head and the heart, the intellect and the affections, through exercises of reason that clarify thought and figures of history and literature that shape the imagination. While these works can have this effect, they are often difficult to navigate. This difficulty is one reason why teachers are so important. Like Virgil who leads Dante through The Divine Comedy with instruction, correction, and encouragement, a good teacher leads students through these works. Yet, even teachers need teachers, which is one role of a study guide. A good study guide is worth more than its weight in gold.

A Note on Use

We are producing these study guides to show readers why the chosen works are immortal, that is, why they are the best human attempts to answer the two essential questions of a liberal education: what is the nature of reality and how should a life be lived. Furthermore, we aim to show teachers how to lead Socratic discussions based on the text. The study guides, generally and for the most part, have three components: an outline, questions on the whole and the parts of a work, and bolded sections and passages to emphasize their importance and capacity to shape the affections, to arouse wonder, and to impart wisdom. The questions on the whole of the work would make for great essay prompts and the questions on the parts of the work would make for substantial quizzes. These three components are integrated into one document for the readability of teachers and students.


One or more of our study guides have been composed by the following authors: Paul Boyer, Jeffrey Lehman, Lee Trepanier, and Michael Tripepi. We are also grateful for those who have inspired our work, offering specific study questions, general advice, or both: David Appleby, David Arias, Benjamin Beier, Christopher Decaen, Thomas Dillon, Michael McLean, Paul O'Reilly, Andrew Seeley, Steven Smith, Matthew Walz, and Gerard Wegemer.